History of Colonia del Sacramento
Colonia del Sacramento is a historic colonial city in southwestern Uruguay, on the Río de la Plata, facing Buenos Aires, Argentina. Colonia del Sacramento is the oldest Uruguayan town and capital of the Colonia Department. The city has a population of 22,000 and has become a resort city, a port and the trade center for a rich agricultural region.
The city was founded in 1860 by the Portuguese Manuel Lobo but its strategic location would make it the reason of conflict between Portugal and Spain for the next century. The colony changed hands between the two colonial powers an incredible seven times until finally on January 10, 1809 the city of Colonia de Sacramento became part of Uruguay. The city’s well-preserved landscape pays tribute to both the Portuguese with its style of houses and Spanish with its ample cobblestoned streets.
The popular Barrio Historico (historic quarter), named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995, has become a major tourist attraction especially for visitors arriving from Buenos Aires, through the frequent ferry service across the Rio de la Plata between the two cities.
The main attractions in Colonia del Sacramento lie within the Plaza Mayor where travelers will find the Porton de Campo. The drawbridge was built in 1745 as way to safeguard the walled city as the only entrance. The bridge has been restored with thick fortified walls and tile and stucco buildings. The iconic lighthouse, El Faro, was constructed in 1857 from the ruins of the Convent of San Francisco where travelers can now walk to the top and see the entire city along with the Rio del Plata. We recommend being there just before sunset!
There are also several museums such as the Museo Portugues, Museo Espanol and Museo Municipal which all provide insight into the city’s past. Another notable attraction is the Basilica of the Holy Sacrament which was built of stone by the Portuguese in 1808. Finally, just outside the city lies the Plaza de Toros which was built in 1910 and hosted only a handful of bullfights in its time before bullfighting became prohibited in 1912.
Colonia del Sacramento has become the primary destination on many Uruguay tours, and the city’s rise in tourism can be attributed to its excellent restaurants by the river, the unique art and craft shops, museums and the large yacht harbor. The city can easily be walked in a single day with travelers often departing to Montevideo late in the afternoon. There are many shops and boutiques which rent out bicycles and scooters for those interested in riding around the city or exploring the beautiful countryside.
Colonia del Sacramento takes travelers back into the 17th century through its fascinating landscape. The city has become incredibly popular because of its accessibility and its convenient location. It may not be the most extravagant of man-made wonders but it promises to leave travelers pleasantly surprised.