Peruvian Causa Rellena (Layered Potato Salad)

Impress your family and friends with this multi-layered and multi-flavored Peruvian appetizer, causa rellena!
Causa rellena with avocado and creamy chicken topped with chopped egg and tomato.
Beautifully layered causa rellena. Photo from Wikimedia Commons.

Causa rellena is a popular Peruvian appetizer found in local restaurants and on kitchen tables throughout the country. Served cold, it is a colorfully tiered dish of mashed potatoes, avocado, and chicken or tuna (or veggie-friendly alternatives). It’s so easy to make that there’s no reason not to give it a try!

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History of causa

History of causa

Causa literally means “cause” in Spanish. There’s a bit of a debate as to where it got its name. Some believe that the name derives from the Quechua word “kawsay,” which means “food.” However, most Peruvians will tell you that José de San Martín, known as the Protector of Peru, coined the term. Legend has it that during the fight for Peruvian independence from Spain, he called for Peruvians to support the cause for independence by providing food for their soldiers. At this time one of the most common dishes happened to be this very same layered potato dish. From then on, the dish was called causa. (“Rellena” means “stuffed” in Spanish).


Potato layer

  • 2 lb yellow potatoes, peeled
  • 4 Tbsp olive oil
  • 4 Tbsp lime juice
  • 1-2 Tbsp ají amarillo paste (yellow Peruvian chili pepper)
  • Salt and pepper, to taste
Peruvian ají amarillo, or yellow chili pepper, at a local market in Peru.

Despite being called ají amarillo, yellow chili pepper is actually orange in color! Photo by Steven Damron on Flickr.


  • 200g cooked and shredded chicken breast or tuna
    *For vegetarians: Replace with 5 hard boiled eggs, chopped
    **For vegans: Replace with 100g cooked carrot & peas, chopped
  • 3 Tbsp mayonnaise (or prepare a vegan version)
  • 2 tsp lime juice
  • ½ red onion, diced
  • ½ tomato, diced
  • 1 ripe avocado, sliced
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Peru has a passion for potatoes and who could blame them with a seemingly infinite variety?!

A large variety of Peruvian potatoes in sacks at a local market.

The the vast potato section of a local Peruvian market. Photo by F Delventhal on Flickr.

  1. Peel and boil your potatoes until soft.
    Tip: Make sure to use yellow potatoes. They are waxier than white potatoes and hold their form when boiled. 
  2. Mash the potatoes. Then mix in the olive oil, lime juice, ají amarillo, and salt and pepper to form a smooth mixture. Afterward, let cool.
    Tip: For extra smoothness, sieve the mixture to remove any fibrous potato. 
  3. In a separate bowl, combine the chicken, tuna, or vegetarian/vegan substitutes with lime juice, mayonnaise, onion, and tomato. Salt and pepper to taste. 
  4. When the potato mixture has cooled to room temperature, evenly spread half of it in the base of a Pyrex dish. Tightly pack the mixture in order to prevent breakages. This will firm up once refrigerated.
    Tip: Line a Pyrex dish with cling wrap, leaving extra to overhang. The extra will be used to round off the top layer. This method makes serving easy and mess-free.
  5. For the next layer, neatly arrange sliced avocado. Then, on top of the avocado, add your chicken, tuna, or veggie-friendly mix. Be careful not to squash the layers below.
  6. Add the remainder of your potato mixture to form the top layer. If using cling wrap, pull over the top layer to create a brick shape.
  7. Refrigerate for 3+ hours. When it’s time to serve, turn the causa out onto a plate and unwrap.
Four styles of garnishes on top of causa rellena appetizers, including mayo, shrimp and olive sauce.

Causa rellena four ways. Let the creativity flow! Photo by Patrick Aljord on Flickr.

Your family and friends will be impressed with the colors and presentation—but they don’t need to know how easy it is to make! With its simple ingredients and mild flavor, it’s sure to be a crowd-pleaser, even for kids. Causa rellena is a great introduction to any meal, Peruvian or otherwise. Just be careful not to spoil your appetite for your main dish. Even a small portion can be deceivingly filling!

Want more Peruvian meal inspirations? Make an entire meal with more of Peru’s classic recipes.