Meet Latin America’s favorite dessert, the alfajor

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Meet Latin America’s favorite dessert, the alfajor

Alfajores, Latin America For LessAlfajores in Latin America are similar to shortbread cookie sandwiches with a caramel filling, sprinkled with powdered sugar.
Photo by protoflux/Flickr

If you have a sweet tooth that only a pound of sugar can satisfy, you should definitely take a bite of a decadent alfajor, a kind of cookie sandwich that resembles a whoopie pie with a Latin American twist.

Alfajores come in all shapes, sizes, and variations depending on which part of Latin America you decide to experience them. These delicious babies are very popular postres, or desserts,  throughout Latin America, but each country makes them a little bit differently.

What is an alfajor?

Alfajores de corazon, Latin America For LessMade with love.
Photo by Angel Castro/Pintrest

An alfajor is a popular Spanish-influenced dessert typically made with two dry, crumbly, and round cookies pressed together with a sweet gooey filling in the middle. Sometimes the cookies are cut into patterns, like flowers or hearts, and are lightly dusted with powdered sugar. They are often sold individually or in small packages at bakeries, or panaderias in Spanish. If you are attending a party and don’t know what to bring, a box of alfajores will ensure you are invited back.

What about the cream filling?

The sweet goodness that makes up the center of an alfajor is what gives the dessert its personality as well as its cultural attribution. They can either be filled with manjar blanco, (kind of like a caramel cream), dulce de leche (pure caramel), panela (the purest form of sugar cane), or honey.

Arequipa, Latin America For LessManjar blanco is a delicious caramel cream that is used in all kind of desserts in Latin America, including cakes, pies, and other sweet treats.
Photo provided by revistaialimentos.com.co

While these are the main kinds of fillings, sometimes they are called by a different name depending on the country you visit. For example, in Colombia, dulce de leche is called arequipe, and panela is called chancaca in Chile. In some countries like Mexico and Venezuela, there are desserts that resemble alfajores, but in fact are called golosinas, or small sweet treats.

The alfajor with a Latin American twist

Alfajores are tasty delights in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, and Brazil; and every country has put its own special twist on the recipe. For example, in Argentina there is the alfajor de maicena, which has dulce de leche filling and shaved coconut around the sides.

Alfajor de Maicena , Argentina, Latin America For LessAlfajores de maicena are very popular in Argentina and are made with caramel filling and shaved coconut.
Photo provided by Recetas Argentinas

In Chile and Bolivia, alfajores are made with chancaca, which is produced by boiling and evaporating unrefined sugar cane. In Mexico, the alfajores also have this, but it is commonly called piloncillo and is mixed with cinnamon and anise, which is used as an aromatic and flavorful spice.

Peru has different kinds of alfajores which vary from region to region. From Arequipa, there is the alfajor arequipeño. It is usually made with thin hojarascas, a kind of cookie which is popular in Chile, and filled with honey or molasses. But the alfajor de Sayán, from just north of Lima, is fluffy and soft and doused in granulated sugar. Probably one of the most unique versions of the Peruvian alfajor is the alfajor de penco, which is from the southeastern part of the country. It is typically a fried, layered pastry and made with anise, chancaca or manjar blanco, and walnuts.

Make your own alfajores

Are you looking for a culinary adventure?

Try out some of these recipes to make your own delicious alfajores:

Alfajores de maicena : the alfajor with an Argentine twist
Mini Peruvian alfajores : traditional alfajores made with creamy dulce de leche filling and dusted with powdered sugar
Alfajores de miel : sweet anise-infused alfajores filled with orange zest honey

Experience the flavors of Latin America

Latin America For Less specializes in providing fully customizable packages for hundreds of destinations throughout the continent. Contact us to chat with one of our experienced travel advisors to plan your next memorable getaway.

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About Author

Katy is no stranger to the life of an international traveler. After graduate school, Kathleen worked in California in the legal field, but later realized that life was calling her in a different direction. After a short time in Peru, she fell in love with the culture, the people, the food, and the way of life. Now Kathleen calls Lima her “home away from home,” although she frequently visits the warm, sunny northern Peru to see friends and surf.

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